Other types of pathogens that cause disease in livestock

Common pathogens in poultry include avian influenza viruses, Newcastle disease virus and avian pathogenic E. coli, all of which can cause respiratory infections and other complications.

Gastrointestinal and urogenital infections in livestock can result from infection with various bacteria, while cattle, sheep and pigs are also susceptible to inflammation of the urinary bladder or kidneys.

Mastitis and metritis occur in most domestic mammals, but most commonly in cows, and are caused by a variety of opportunistic pathogens.